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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.
page 449



442 MATTHEW OE WESTMINSTER. . A.I. 1265. forsook their predatory habits, and so the king's power began to breathe again, and peace, to a certain extent, begpn to flourish. Therefore, some of the nobles, who were detained in prison in Dover Castle, hearing that their lord the king was meeting with good fortune, took courage, and gallantly seized upon the tower of the castle, resisting their guards. And when the king and his eldest son Edward had been informed of this, they hastened to the castle of Dover, and besieged it with a powerful force. Therefore, the keepers of the castle, being surrounded by their enemies, sent an embassy to the king entreating peace ; and immediately surrendered the castle to the king, saving each of them their life and limbs, horses and arms, and all other necessaries. From thence Edward proceeded onwards, like a gallant knight who should be king hereafter, traversing all the country near the coast, and punishing some of the inhabitants of the Cinque Ports on account of their crimes, and some he only put in fear, and others he mercifully admitted to peace. The citizens of Winchelsea were the only persons who endeavoured to resist him ; but Edward took their town by some assaults, and at his entrance much guilty blood was shed, but he spared the multitude, and ordered his men for the future not to busy themselves about plunder like pirates. And by this conduct, great tranquillity was spread over that sea. Pope Urban the Fourth died, and was succeeded by Clement the Fourth, who, having been lately appointed to an inferior onice, as Guy, cardinal of Sabionetta, was sent by pope Urban into England, to discharge the office of legate there ; but he stayed near the sea, in the town which is called Boulogne, because he was not able to enter the English territories on account of the open opposition of the barons, and the sophistical answers of the bishops ; and he pronounced sentence of excommunication against the rebels, and then returned to the court of Rome from which he had set out. He now, by the influence of king Henry, was made father of fathers, and, by the advice of his cardinals, he sent into England Othobonu8, cardinal deacon of Saint Adrian, who, coming into England in his scarlet vestments, summoned a council, and caused the mandates of the Apostolic See to be published in the church of Westminster, and then, in fulfilment of his duty as legate, fulminated his sentence against the adversaries of the king, and in process of time, he suspended from their


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