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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.
page 468



461 A.D . 1274. THE LETTEE OP PAIlXOLOGTTS. sacred baptism, have incurred no stain of sin whatever, and o f those also, who, after having contracted a stain of sin, whether remaining in their bodies or out of them, have been cleansed, as has been said above, are immediately received into heaven ; but that the souls of those who die in mortal sin, or even in original sin alone, immediately descend into hell, where, however, they are visited with different degrees of punishment. These things the holy Roman church firmly believes and asserts ; and also asserts that it is equally certain that, on the day of judgment, all men will stand before the tribunal of Christ with their bodies, to give an account of their works. " Also the same holy Roman church holds and teaches that there are seven ecclesiastical sacraments : First, baptism, which has been mentioned above. Secondly, the sacrament of confirmation, which bishops confer by the imposition of hands* anointing the regenerate. Thirdly, penance. Fourthly, the eucharist. Fifthly, the sacrament of orders. Sixthly, matrimony. And lastly, extreme unction, which, according to the teaching of the blessed James, is applied to the sick. The holy Roman church makes the sacrament of the eucharist of unleavened bread, holding and teaching; that in that sacrament the bread is truly transubstantiated mto the body, and the wine into the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. Concerning marriage, it holds that one man is not permitted to have more wives than one at the same time, and that one woman is not allowed to have more husbands than one. But when a lawful marriage is dissolved by the death of either party, then it allows that a second and a third marriage may successively be lawful, if there is no canonical impediment for any other reason. " Also the holy Roman church is possessed of the supreme and plenary primacy over the universal catholic church, which she vivaciously and humbly acknowledges that she received with absolute power from the Lord himself, in the person of the blessed Peter, the prince or head of the Apostles, of whom the Roman pontiff is the successor. And as the Roman church is, above all other things, bound to uphold, the truth of the faith, so also, whatever concerning the faith, ought to be settled by its judgment. To this church every one who is aggrieved in any matter which relates to the ecclesiastical courts can appeal ; and in all causes which have reference to any ecclesiastical enquiry, recourse may be had to


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