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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.
page 543



there, having discussed the regularity of each election before the pope, the election of the prior of Ely was couhrmed, but that of the monk of Worcester was completely quashed. Therefore, the lord the pope gave that bishopric to one of the order of Minor Brothers. The same year, pope Boniface having been instigated by the Scots, sent letters from himself to the king of England, asserting that the kingdom of Scotland belonged to the rightful estates of the Roman church, and that it was contrary to God and to justice, and to the prejudice of the Apostolic See, that the king of England was claiming its subjection to himself, alleging the reasons for this assertion, which are given below. First of all, because when king Henry, his father, had obtained assistance from Alexander, king of Scotland, in his war with Simon de Montfort, in order that this assistance might not be supposed to have been either demanded or afforded in consequence of any right of superiority belonging to England, the said Henry did, by his letters patent, acknowledge that he did not receive the aid by any right, but by special favour, Again, when king Alexander was invited by letter to the coronation of king Edward, in order, as being a friend of bis, to give his friendly countenance to that solemnity by his presence, he came, not as if in discharge of a duty, but as a special favour. Moreover, when the king of Scotland appeared in person before the king of England to swear fealty to him in respect of the lands of Tyndale and Penrith, which are situated in England, he did homage to him only for those lands which are situated in England, and not as king of Scotland for the kingdom of Scotland ; because he made a formal protest before the people that he was not bound to do any homage to the king of England for the kingdom of Scotland. Also, when the aforesaid king Alexander left a daughter as his heiress, by name Margaret, the niece of the king of England, and as yet under age, the guardianship belonged not to the king of England as superior lord, but to certain nobles of the kingdom of Scotland, elected for the purpose. Moreover, the pope accused the king of, after the death of the aforesaid king Alexander, he had by force and terror subdued the Scots as being now a headless nation, destitute of the support of a leader, to the great prejudice and injury of the Roman church. Adding, that when àie lord the pope commits the execution of the office of legate in the kingdom of England


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