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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.
page 559



and barons of the kingdom of Scotland, became the men of prince Henry, son of king Henry the Second, on the day after the coronation of the aforesaid Henry, son of king Henry the Second, while his father was yet alive, and swore fealty to him for the kingdom of Scotland against all men, saving only the loyalty which they owed his father, who was still aUve. But in the twentieth year of the reign of the aforesaid king Henry the Second, the aforesaid William, king of Seotland, beginning to rebel, came into Northumberland with a large army, and committed great slaughter among the people, till he was encountered at Alnwick by the knights of the county of York, who took him prisoner, and surrendered him to his lord, Henry, king of England. And in the following year, eleven hundred and seventy-five, on the fourteenth of February, the same king William was given his liberty and allowed to depart ; but afterwards, at York, in the same year, on the twenty-sixth of August, the same William, king of Scotland, with the cousent of the-prelates, earls, barons, nobles, and other chiefs of the kingdom of Scotland, is known to have given security by his letters patent to his lord the king of England, Henry, son of the empress Matilda before mentioned, that he and his heirs and successors the kings of Scotland, and the bishops, abbots, earls, barons, and other men of the kingdom of Scotland (or as many of them as king Henry wished to receive it from), would do homage and swear fealty and allegiance to the kings of England as their liege lords against all men ; and in token of this subjection, the same William, king of Scotland, offered his sword-hilt, his spear, and his saddle on the altar of the blessed Peter of York, and they remain and are preserved in that church to this day. Also the bishops, earls, and barons of the aforesaid kingdom of Scotland agreed to use the aforesaid words according to the agreement entered into with the lord the king of England and Henry, his son. But if the king of Scotland were by any chance to fall off from his fidelity to the king of England, and violate the agreement before mentioned, they then promised to stand by the lord the king of England as their liege lord, in opposition to the king of Scotland, till he returned to his loyal obedience to the king of England ; which agreement, of happy memory, pope Gregory the Ninth, in several letters addressed to the kings of England and Scotland, commanded to be firmly observed ; hie letters containing, among other things, a statement that Wil


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