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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.

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MATTHEW OF WESTMINSTER
The flowers of history, especially such as relate to the affairs of Britain. Vol. II. A.D. 1066 to A.D. I307.
page 595



588 MATTHEW 0Γ WESTMI2Ï8TE11. A.D. 1306. by the command of their new prince, the cavalry of the Scots were all clad in linen shirts over their armour, to prevent their being distinguished. And Aymer, being challenged by him to come out and do battle, replied that he would fight with him not that day, but the next. And when Robert had withdrawn himself and his followers one mile, and was proceeding to refresh his troops, as the hour of evening was approaching, Aymer sallied out with his forces, and suddenly coming on the Scots near Methuen, began the battle. And there fell that day, by the edge of the sword, a great many Scots who adhered to the false king. Moreover, he himself was thrice thrown to the ground by the cavalry, and thrice raised again by Simon de Freysel, an illustrious warrior, and at length, owing to the trick of the white shirt, he escaped from the battle. Forwhen Robert and the rest, who had armed themselves in haste, had resisted for some time, at last they were compelled to fly, as the English got the better. And Aymer pursued them with his followers as far as the island of Can tyre, and laid siege to the castle of Cantyre, thinking that Robert had retreated into it. But when he had taken the castle he found him not, because he had fled to the islands in the most remote part of the kingdom ; but he took his brother, Nigel Bruce, in the castle, with several others, all of whom he caused to be conducted to Berwick. In the battle above mentioned, the following men were taken prisoners :—Thomas, son of Ranulph, David Inkemartyn, John de Somerville, knights ; Hutting, the marshal and standard-hearer of the false king, and Hugh, his chaplain, who, nevertheless, was hanged on a gallows with the aforesaid knights, and many others, whose names are not set down here, lest the page should be soiled with them, he himself being hanged in front of the others, as though he said, " I, being your superior, marshal you this way." After these events, the king of England marched into Scotland, with the prince of Wales and the nobles of his kingdom, and some Scots received him honourably, some retreated backwards, and some sought the secret recesses of the woods. But the king's army traversed the whole kingdom of Scotland, and began to pursue the fugitives, and slew many of them, and took some alive, as the bishops and the abbot who have been mentioned above, having on breastplates and armour beneath their outer garments. The fault of both the bishops was great, but that of the bishop of Saint Andrew was the greater for on the day


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