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ROGER OF WENDOVER Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1

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ROGER OF WENDOVER
Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1
page 475



the country of the Arabs as far as the Red Sea. He was succeeded by the count of Edessa, also called Baldwin, who was crowned king in the month of April, on the second day of the month. How pope Gelasius died, and was succeeded by Calixtus. A.D. 1119. Pope Gelasius died, and was succeeded by Galixtus who sat ten years, ten months, and thirteen days. He had been before bishop of Vienna, under the name of Guy, and when consecrated pope took the name of Calixtus. He held a council at Rheims, which was attended by some English and Norman bishops sent thither by king Henry. Thurstan, also, elect of York obtained the king's licence to go thither, having first given a pledge that he would not receive the benediction from Calixtus ; but when he arrived at the council, he gained the Romans over to him, as always happens in such cases, by his gifts, and through them, prevailed on the pope to consecrate him. When the king of England heard of this, he forbade the archbishop to set foot anywhere in his dominions. At this council the same pope condemned the error of Master Gilbert Poreta, who is said to have erred in four particulars. First, he said that the divine nature, which we call divinity, is not God, but a form under which he is God ; as humanity is not man, but a form under which he is man : to which the council replied, " We believe that the simple nature of the divinity is God, and in no catholic ^ense can it be denied that the divinity is God : thus, where God is said in wisdom to be wise, in magnitude great, in eternity eternal, one in unity, and God by divinity, we believe that he is not wise except by the wisdom by which he is God, that he is not great except by the greatness wherewith he is God, nor eternal, except by the eternity wherewith he is God, nor one except by the unity wherewith he is God, nor is he God iXcept by the divinity which is in himself; that is, wise in himself, great, eternal, and one God." Secondly, he said that the persons, that is, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, are not one God, one substance, or one anything ; but those three persons are three different tilings in number also, as if three men were found to have one human nature. To this the council replied, " When we speak of the three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, we confess that they are one


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