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ROGER OF WENDOVER Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1

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ROGER OF WENDOVER
Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.1
page 553



548 SOGER OF WENDOVEE. [A.D. 11CS. the king must indeed be obeyed in many things, but not so that he shall cease to be a king ; that would make him no longer Cassar, but a tyrant, and those who resisted him would be bound to resist him in their own behalf, and not for me. What can have been the cause of this great enmity, that, to extinguish me, they would extinguish themselves also? Whilst, therefore, they neglect their spiritual for their temporal duties, they fail alike in both. Look down, then, with condescension, holy father, on my exiled and persecuted condition ; remember that I was once in a place of pride, from which I have been driven by injustice, and in your cause. Put forth your severity, and coerce those who have stirred up this persecution,- but lay it not at the king's door, for he is the agent and the instrument, not the author, of these machinations." How the pope annulled the sentence passed by the bishops against the archbishop. The pope, having heard these statements, is said to have taken counsel with his cardinals, and to have returned the following answer to the archbishop : ' " That the inferior cannot judge his superior, and especially one to whom he is bound to pay obedience as to his bishop, both divine and human laws, as well as the ordinances of the holy fathers, fully demonstrate. Now we, whose duty it is to correct that which has been done amiss, do declare that the sentence, by which the bishops and barons have presumed to confiscate all your goods, is not only contrary to justice, but also to all ecclesiastical precedent, seeing that you have no goods except what is derived from the church, wherefore, we pronounce that such sentence is null and void ; and we do hereby by our apostolic authority reverse it, and declare that it shall have no force henceforward, nor create prejudice hereafter to yourself, your successors, or the church committed to your charge. For the rest, if those who have done violence or injury to you or your clerks in the possessions or goods of jour church, when legally admonished, shall fail to restore what they have taken; or to make meet satisfaction for the same, you will not hesitate, at the first convenient opportunity, to exercise ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and whatsoever you shall in reason think proper to do in that behalf, we


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