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ROGER OF WENDOVER Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.2


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.2
page 313

312 Κ00KR OF WKNDOVEIÎ. [Α. ο.121Ó. possession, are sufficient to pay the debt and the debtor himself is willing to satisfy our demand out of them. And the debtor's sureties shall not be bound as long as the debtor personally is able to pay the debt, and it" the debtor himself tails to pay the debt, not possessing means of payment, or refusinp: to pay although he is able, his sureties shall be answerable for the debt ; and if they wish it they shall have the lands and income of the, debtor, until they are satisfied for the debt, which they have pre-paid for him, unless the debtor himself shows that he was quit of it to the said sureties. The city of London* shall have all its old liberties and its free customs. Moreover we will and grant that all other cities, towns, and villages, and barons of the cinque ports, and all our ports, shall have all their liberties and customs free. No one shall be bound to do greater service * " AA'hoever accepts ;t loan from a Jew, be it more or less, and dies before paying lhat debt, tin* debt shall not be charged with interest as Ioni* as his heir is under age, of whomsoever be may hold ; and if that debt should fall into our hands we will only seize the chattels mentioned in the charter. And if any one dies, owing a debt to Jews, his wife sball receive - her down, and shall not pay anything for that debt. And if any children of the deceased survive, who are under age, they shall be provided with necessaries nccording to the tenement which the deceased held, and with what remains the debt shall he paid, saving, however, the service due to their lords. And the same shall be the ease when debts are contracted with others besides Jews. W e will not levy any scutage or tax in our kingdom without the advice of the kingdom in general, unless it be to ransom our body, to make a knight of our eldest son, and to marry our eldest daughter once, and for this only a reasonable tax shall be levied. And the same shall be observed with regard to the taxes of the city of London ; and the city of London shall enjoy all its old liberties and free customs both by land and water. And moreover we will and grant leave for all other cities, boroughs, and towns, and the barons of the cinque ports, to enjoy all their liberties and free customs. And in order to obtain the general opinion of the kingdom as to levying taxes in any eases except those three above-mentioned, and as to levying scut ages, we will summon, by our letters under our seal, the archbishop*, bishops, nbbats, earls, and chief barons of the kingdom. And we will moreover by means of our sheriffs and bailiffs, summon all others in general, who hold of ns in chief, to meet at a fixed place, and at a fixed time, namely, at the term of forty days at least. In all our letters of summons we will set forili the CHUM* of that summons ; and after having thus summoned them the business shall lie proceeded with on the appointed day according to the plans of those wh may he present, although all who were summoned may not have conte. Henceforth we tbi not permit any one to levy a tax from his freemen, unless to ranv ni lr» body, orto make his eldest son a knight, or to ma m hi» eldest daughter once, and only a reasonable tax shall be levied fur this purpose."—M . /'ans.

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