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ROGER OF WENDOVER Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.2


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.2
page 540

A.D. 12.Ί1.] RAVAGES Uï I.IK1VELI.Ï.V. from all laymen as well as ecclesiastics, who held baronies. This demand was boldly opposed by Richard archbishop of Canterbury, and some of the bishops besides, who said that ecclesiastics were not bound to be subservient to the lay jurisdiction, as the sctitage had been granted on the continent, when they were not present. At length, after many arguments on both sides, the business, as fir as the opposing prelates were concerned, was postponed till a fortnight after Kaster ; all the rest, however, laymen as well as clergy and people, yielded to the king's pleasure. Of the disagreement heltcreu tlie king and the archbishop. About this time Richard archbishop of Canterbury came to tie king, and laid a complaint against Hubert the justiciary, for unjustly detaining the castle of Tunbridge, with the town and its appurtenances, and other lands late belonging to Gilbert carl of Clare deceased, which belonged to the jurisdiction of himself and the church of Canterbury, and for which the said earl and his predecessors had given acknowledgment, and done homage to him and his predecessors ; he therefore for that reason asked the king to restore to bini the custody of the said castle, with its appurtenances, and to preserve uninjured the rights of the church of Canterbury. To this demand the king replied that the aforesaid earl was a tenant in chief from biniseli, and that the vacant trusts of the earls and barons, and their heirs, (till they arrived at the age of maturity,) pertained to his crown, and that he was at liberty to sell or give them to whom be chose. The archbishop then, being unable to obtain any other answer, excommunicated all intruders on the aforesaid possessions, and all except the king who should hold communication with them, and then for this as well as tor other reasons be set oat to Home to obtain bis rights and those of his church. The king on the other hand sent master Robert de Cautelo and some other messengers to Rome to plead bis cause. In the month of April of this year, after the feast of Kaster. Kiehard the king's brother married the countess of Gloucester, who was the sister of William .Marshall earl of Pembroke, and scarcely were the nuptial festivities concluded, when that bold knight William Marshall closed his life lamented by many, and on the lath ot April was buried in the New Temple at London near his father.* Of the dreadful ravages committed by Llewellyn in IVair*. In the month of .May in this year, the Welsh burst forth from their hiding places like rats from their holes, and spread lire and devastation over the lands which formerly belonged to \ \ illiam dc * Paris adds : " The kin;:, who loved him immoderately, « hen he of it, and fair his Itody covered with a pail, drew a deep si^h and exclaimed, * Woo is rue, is not the blood of St. Thomas ihe mart) r vet entirely avenged ?" "

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