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ROGER OF WENDOVER Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.2

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ROGER OF WENDOVER
Flowers of history. The history of England from the descent of the saxons to A.D. 1235. vol.2
page 573



ROGER OF WE.VDOVER. [A.D. 1233. they ; on which, as they refused to give him up, the bishop, by virtue of the power entrusted to him, excommunicated by name all those who detained hiin and who had laid violent hands on him. The said bishop then, accompanied by Roger bishop of London, went to the king and laid a complaint liefore him of the injury indicted on Hubert, and did not leave the king till he had obtained his release ; so on the 18th of October he was sent back to the church much against the king's wish, who sent orders by letter to the sheritr of that county to blockade the church in order to starve Hubert to death. Ifow the marshal retook the eastle tehich he had given up to the king. About this time, the fifteen days having expired since the marshal surrendered his castle to the king on condition that he would restore it to him when he again asked for it, he sent to the king, asking him, as the period was expired, to restore his castle to him according to their treaty, for which he had made the bishop of Winchester and Stephen Segrave, who at that time performed the functions of justiciary, his guarantees, and which they had also confirmed by oath. The king however angrily replied that he would not give it up, but would more likely reduce his other castles to subjection. The marshal then, seeing that no oath or terms of peace were observed by the king's advisers, collected a large army and laid siege to the castle once his own, and placing his engines of war round it, easily regained possession of it. The king was in the meantime at Westminster, where he attended the conference on the i)th of October, as he had promised the nobles, in order to consult with them as to the reforms necessary to bo made in the kingdom ; but the evil advice which he followed prevented this being carried out. Several of the bishops present humbly begged the king, in the Lord's name, to make peace with his barons and other nobles whom he had condemned to banishment without any trial by the peers, burning their villages and buildings, cutting down their woods and fruit trees, and destroying their parks and lakes. The king however said that they were traitors, although it was by their assistance that he ought to arrange his plans and manage the business of the kingdom. Peter bishop of Winchester also replied that the peers in Kngland were not like those in France ; wherefore the king of England had a right, by the justiciaries whom he appointed, to banish any guilty persons from the kingdom and to condemn them after trial. The bishops, on hearing these words, as if with one voice threatened to excommunicate by name the principal amongst these evil advisers of the king; and amongst these they especially named Peter bishop of Winchester, and his son Peter de Rivaulx, Stephen Segrave the justiciary, and Robert Passelewe the treasurer. To these threats Peter of Winchester replied, that he had been consecrated a bishop by the supreme pontili' at Rome, and was there


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