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WILLIAM STUBBS Seventeen lectures on the study of medieval and modern history and kindred subjects


Sir John Froissart's Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Ajoining Countries from the latter part of the reign of Edward II to the coronation of Henry IV in 12 volumes 

Chronicles of Enguerrand De Monstrelet (Sir John Froissart's Chronicles continuation) in 13 volumes 

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Seventeen lectures on the study of medieval and modern history and kindred subjects
page 415

XVI.] TAXATION UNDER HENRY VII. 4O9 vote of two tenths and fifteenths, and a poll-tax upon aliens, payable at the next Easter.f In 1489 the text was ' The eyes ' of the Lord are over the righteous ; ' the sermon a miracle of subdivision : the demand a lump sum of £ 100,000. T o meet this, by a curious departure from the rule which is always supposed to have been long established, the Lords, by themselves, grant a tenth of their income from land ; the Commons, with the advice and consent of the Lords, offer to raise £75,000 by a tenth on lands not belonging to the lords, and twenty-pence on every ten marks of goods.^ This must have been seen to be a dangerous experiment. An attempt to collect the tax caused the outbreak at Thirsk, in k which the Earl of Northumberland was slain ; the sums collected from the Commons only reached the amount of £27,000, and in the third session early in 1490 the grant of a tenth and fifteenth was substituted for the balance. The object of the budget was the maintenance of the army, which was being raised for the defence of Brittany against France, a design which culminates and terminates in the expedition to Boulogne in October, 1492Λ Before this expedition took place another parliament in the autumn of 1491 and January of 1492 was asked for a vote. Morton chose his text from Jeremiah, and his illustrations from Sallust on the war with Jugurtha ; the bill was two entire tenths and fifteenths, and a third if the king himself should go to the war. He did go to the war and made peace. And this carried him on to 1495-1 I should say here that the parliamentary grants were each year supplemented by ecclesiastical grants made in the Con vocations of the two provinces, and generally consisting of one entire tenth from each; the tenth of the Southern pro vince was about £10,000 and that of York about £3,000, I think. In 1489, when the estates, as we have just seen, proposed separate grants, the share of the Canterbury clergy

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