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Richard III: The Making of a Legend
 "The Manner and Guiding of the Earl of Warwick at Angers" in Ellis's Original Letters, second series, Vol. 1 (London: Harding & Lepard, 1827), pp. 132-135.
 Croyland Chronicle, p. 462.
 Ibid., p. 463.
 Historie of the Arrivall of Edward IV. in England, and the finall recoverye of his kingdomes from Henry VI., ed. by John Bruce (London: Camden Society, 1838),p. 4.
 Ibid., pp. 10- 11.
 Ibid., p. 18.
 Ibid., p. 20.
 Ibid., p. 30.
 Ibid., p. 38.
 Kendall, Richard III, pp. 124-125.
 Croyland Chronicle, pp. 469-470.
 Ibid., p. 470.
 Kendall, Richard III, p. 127.
 Ibid., p. 130.
 Phillippe de Commynes, The Memoirs of Phillippe de Commynes, ed. by Samuel Kinser, transl. by Isabelle Cazeaux (2 vols., Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1969), I, p. 264.
 Croyland Chronicle, p. 471.
 Kendall, Richard III, pp. 133-134.
 Commynes, Memoirs, I, p. 282.
 Croyland Chronicle, p. 478.
 Kendall, Richard III, pp. 145-146.
 Ibid., p. 146.
 Ibid. , p. 147.
 Croyland Chronicle, pp. 479-480.
 Dominic Mancini, The Usurpation of Richard the Third, ed. by C. A. J.Armstrong (2nd ed., Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969), p. 63.
 Kendall, Richard III, p. 149.
 James Gairdner, Richard the Third (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1898), p. 42.
 Kendall, Richard III, pp. 158-159.
 Croyland Chronicle, p. 481.
 Kendall, Richard III, p. 170.
 Ibid., p. 176.
The Short Reign of Richard III
Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.
King Henry IV, Pt 11. I. On April 9, 1483, three weeks before his 41st birthday, Edward IV died. A day or two prior to his death he had added a codicil to his will naming his brother Richard Protector and Defensor of the Realm and giving into his care his young son, soon to be King Edward V. Before his death Edward had sought to reconcile the warring factions in his court. He realized that when he was gone each side would attempt to gain control of the young king, and a civil war could well be the result. Therefore, in a dramatic deathbed scene, he asked Lord Hastings and the queen's son, the Marquis of Dorset, to clasp hands and swear love and friendship to each other. The reconciliation remained in effect until the king drew his last breath.
Richard, who was at Middleham, did not learn of his brother's death for nearly a week. Even then, the news came, not from the queen or the council, but in a frantic note from Hastings, the Lord Chamberlain, who informed Richard of his appointment as Protector and urged him to secure the person of the young king and come to London with an armed escort as soon as possible.
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