Jerusalem, the city of Herod and Saladin
THE MOHAMMEDAN CONQUEST. A J). 632—1104.
.•l'i.TvJïTpft1 T.W* J I/ΝΗΊΓ·4»τΐ V. vHHiT'
Πάψρτί τΐι Χ(ρονβικό, κΐ as χαμηλώσουν τ' "Αγια 1
Παπάδες vâpre τά Upà, καΐ aêis Keptà σβυστητΐ,
Γιατί έιναι βίκ-ημα Θΐοΰ τ) ΐΙόΚι να τουρκεψτ;.
Το the Arab 'wanderer on the barren and sun-stricken
plains of the Hejjâz the well-watered, fertile land of
Syria had always been an object of admiration and envy.
As Mohammed the camel-driver sat on the hill which
overlooks Damascus, and gazed upon the rich verdure of
that garden of the East, his religious phrenzy, his vision
ary schemes for the unity and regeneration of his race had
well-nigh yielded to the voluptuous fascination of the
scene. But enthusiasm and ambition triumphed: his
eyes filled with tears, and exclaiming, " Man can enter
Paradise but once," he turned sorrowfully back, and in
that moment changed the fortunes of the world.
When Abu Bekr, Mohammed's first successor, had
quelled the disturbances which threatened the Muslim
power, and found himself the acknowledged head of an
immense confederation of restless and enthusiastic warriors,
thoughts of conquest naturally presented themselves to his
mind, and Syria was, as naturally, the first quarter to
which he turned.
His resolution once taken, he addressed a circular-letter
to the petty chieftains of Arabia, in which, appealing ,to