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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ. The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple

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CHARLES G. ADDISON, ESQ.
The history of the Knights Templars, Temple Church, and the Temple
page 338



Hie whole of king Richard's reign. He attended Cœur de Lion in his expedition to Normandy, and on the death of that monarch by the hand of Bertram, the cross-bow-man, before the walls of Castle Chaluz, he was sent over to England to keep the peace of the kingdom until .the arrival of king John. In conjunction with Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, he caused the freemen of England, both of the cities and boroughs, and most of the earls, barons, and free tenants, to swear fealty to John.* On the arrival of the tatter in England he was constituted sheriff of Gloucestershire and of Sussex, and was shortly afterwards sent into Normandy at tbe head of a large body of forces. He commanded in the famous battle fought A . D . 1202 before the fortress of Mirabel, in which the unfortunate prince Arthur and his lovely sister Eleanor, " the pearl of Brittany," were taken prisoners, together with the earl of March, most of the nobility Of Poictou and Anjou, and two hundred French knights, who were ignorainiously put into fetters, and sent away in carts to Normandy. This battle was followed, as is well known, by the mysterious death of prince Arthur, who is said to have been murdered by king John himself, whilst the beautiful Eleanor, nicknamed La liret, who, after the death of her brother, was the next heiress to the crown of England, was confined in close custody in Bristol Castle, where she remained a prisoner for life. At the head of four thousand infantry and three thousand cavalry, the earl Marshall attempted to relieve the fortress of Chateau Gaillard, which was besieged by Philip king of France, but failed in consequence of the non-arrival of seventy fiat-bottomed vessels, whose progress up the river Seine had been retarded by a strong contrary wind.f For his fidelity and services to the crown he was rewarded with numerous manors, lands, and castles, both in England and in • Mali. Par., p. 196. Hoveden, p, 793. Dugdale Baronage, torn. i. p. SOI. + Trhet, p Ut. Oui. Brill, lib. vii. Ann. Wamriey,u. J68.


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