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SIR SAMUEL WHITE BAKER
CYPRUS AS I SAW IT IN 1879
page 434

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^ecclesiastical council, to which representatives arc τ sent from every district, charged with the votes of 'the inhabitants in favour of the archbishop. Upon 'his election, the approval and confirmation of his appointment must be obtained by an imperial decree before the archbishop can officiate. In the same manner every bishop is elected by the people of the district, and their representatives are sent to Nicosia, where the archbishop presides over his council, or court; but the new bishop must also be confirmed in his position by an imperial decree. Should an archbishop be guilty of any crime, I either civil or ecclesiastical, he may be deposed by I the head of the Church at Constantinople, acting in conjunction with the Turkish government, at the request of the inhabitants of Cyprus. Bishops may be deposed-,by the archbishop, who would in such a case assemble the Synod, composed of the heads of clergy in his presidency. Before 1 this tribunal a bishop would be summoned to appear in case of an accusation, and the trial would take place in open court ; the power of punishment or I absolution remaining in the hands of the archbishop. The Turkish government appears to have held ι a peculiar position in relation to the Greek Church lin Cyprus, as, although acting in conjunction and in iharmony with the customs of the inhabitants, it reserved the right of supreme authority in special cases ; thus at various epochs the Turkish government deposed the Archbishops Chrissanthon and Panareton, hanged the Archbishop Kipriano, and banished the Archbishops Joachim and Damaskino. J From the universal complaints, there can be little doubt * that the schools that should be established V P.

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