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SIR SAMUEL WHITE BAKER
CYPRUS AS I SAW IT IN 1879
page 490

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tobacco and 8,200/. for spirits, and it is expected that the actual realisations will fully cover the estimate. Revenue from Salt. A considerable revenue was derived from the Government monopoly of the salt lakes in the neighbourhood of Larnaca and Limasol. The salt was sold for local consumption and for exportation to the coast of Syria, but an injudicious increase to the selling price, with short weights and increased cost of shipment, diverted the supply of the Syrian demand from Cyprus to the salt lakes of Tunis, and gradually reduced the revenue from this source. Owing to the excessive rains of last year, and the influx of more fresh water into the lakes than could be evaporated by the sun's rays during the summer, the lakes are at present unproductive. But in the earlier months of the current year, under Turkish administration, the sum of 1,756,840 piastres was recovered and credited in the Treasury on account of previous salt dues, and that amount is accordingly entered on the estimate with its English equivalent of 15,145/. No other receipts are expected in the current year, and the revenue from salt has practically ceased. A considerable outlay will be required to repair and secure the salt lakes against the irruption of the drainage of the surrounding country. The past revenue from salt should be excluded from the computation of the payment to be made to the Porte from the surplus revenues of Cyprus, under Article III of the Convention of 4U1 June, 1878. To sum up. Having regard to the revenue arrangements concluded before arrival of the British in Cyprus, to the realisations in the first four months of the current year under Turkish administration, and-to the altered conditions under which the finance of the remainder of the year has to be administered, I am of opinion that the revenue may be safely estimated at 170,000/., as below:— £ Tithes on land 72,000 Ta x on property, professions, and tra des . . 22,000 Ta x on sheep 11,000 Ta x for exemption from milit ary service . . 9,000 Customs duties I3>4°° Excise on tobacco and spiiits . . . . 16,850 Salt monopoly 15·'45 Miscellaneous 10,605 170,000

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